Media and Advertising
Posted by Joel Martinsen on Thursday, May 4, 2006 at 2:38 PM
Among all of the copycat urban lifestyle magazines, the paparazzi rags, and the ever-changing array of undistinguished special-interest publications that make up China's periodicals market, Yaowen-Jiaozi (咬文嚼字) stands out as one of the most delightfully peculiar magazines available. With a title variously translated as "Correct Wording," "Verbalism," and "Chewing Words," it turns a critical eye to the misuse and abuse of language in Chinese society.
Word rage it most certainly is not - column names may use common violent metaphors for public criticism like "drawing blood" (一针见血) or "target of a volley of arrows" (众矢之的), but the actual criticism itself is quite genteel. Perhaps there's a bit of guilty pleasure to be had in unmasking the usage foibles of major papers, but it's done with a wink rather than a warning of impending social breakdown. The strongest condemnation is reserved for those who should know better: copyeditors who let malapropisms slip by, sign-makers who splash typos across storefronts, and monks in TV shows who mispronounce their Sanskrit transliterations.
In 2005, the magazine featured a different evening paper's errors in each issue, while this year the scheduled targets are television stations. In addition to biting the popular media over language misuse, Yaowen-Jiaozi also chews on pressing usage questions: What's the pronunciation of 峠, which appears in names in translations of Japanese novels? What's the correct usage of · ? What are the usage differences betweenand ?
In celebration of its tenth anniversary, the magazine released a list last year of one hundred frequently misused words and phrases. But despite the popular image of the magazine being staffed by a curmudgeonly group of conservative language pedants defending the national language against the twin evils of modern slang and foreign influence, Yaowen-Jiaozi's editors and contributors tend to be fairly accomodating.
On the subject of Internet slang, for example, the magazine has no issue with its use online, although it cautions against its use in more conventional communication. Other areas of language change and development are given the same sort of consideration. After an examination of the term "since all along" (一直以来), the editors conclude:
Sprinkled throughout are language quizzes, peculiar signage, and interesting turns of phrase from famous writers.
An annual bound volume includes each of the previous year's issues. It's popular enough for pirate editions to circulate as well, though reading about language misuse in a volume filled with typographical errors may not be a very wise choice.
(Answers: 峠 has the provisional pronunciation shà, though some people pronounce it kǎ. The separator · should be allowed in titles - the editors conclude: "To say that if there is no rule in Punctuation Usage then it must not be used means that punctuation usage would never develop, and it would be unable to satisfy real usage needs." 三部曲 is a foreign import for "trilogy" that applies to literary works; it has been tweaked to apply to three-step processes using the homophone 三步曲.)
China Media Timeline
Major media events over the last three decades
Danwei Model Workers
The latest recommended blogs and new media
Front Page of the Day
A different newspaper every weekday
From the Vault
Classic Danwei posts
+ Culture and corporate propaganda in Soho Xiaobao (2007.11): Mid-2007 issues of Soho Xiaobao (SOHO小报), illustrating the complicated identity of in-house magazines run by real estate companies.
+ Internet executives complain about excessive Net censorship (2010.03): Internet executives complain about excessive Net censorship at an officially sanctioned meeting in Shenzhen.
+ Crowd-sourced cheating on the 2010 gaokao (2010.06): A student in Sichuan seeks help with the ancient Chinese section of this year's college entrance exam -- while the test is going on!